Wednesday, September 24, 2008

Web 1.0, 2.0 & 3.0

Web 1.0

- Web 1.0 is a retronym which refers to the state of the World Wide Web, and any website design style used before the advent of the Web 2.0 phenomonon.

- It is the general term that has been created to describe the Web before the 'bursting of the dot-com bubble' in 2001, which is seen by many as a turning point for the internet.

- Some typical design elements of a Web 1.0 site include:

o Static pages instead of dynamic user-generated content.

o The use of framesets.

o Proprietary HTML extensions such as the <blink> and <marquee> tags

o Online guestbooks.

o GIF buttons, typically 88x31 pixels in size promoting web browsers and other products.

o HTML forms sent via email. A user would fill in a form, and upon clicking submit their email client would attempt to send an email containing the form's details.

Web 2.0

Web 2.0 is the business revolution in the computer industry caused by the move to the Internet as Platform, and an attempt to understand the rules for success on that new platform.

- Web 2.0 is a living term Describing Changing Trends in the use of WWW technology and web design that aims to enhance Creativity, Information Sharing, Collaboration And Functionality of the web.

- Web 2.0 concepts have led to the development and evolution of Web-Based Communities And Hosted Services, such as social-networking sites, video sharing sites, wikis, blogs, and folksonomies.

- The term became notable after the first O'Reilly Media Web 2.0 conference in 2004.

- The shift from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 can be seen as a result of technological refinements, which included such adaptations as "broadband, improved browsers, Ajax, mass development of wigetization, such as Flickr and YouTube badges".

- Tim O'Reilly, the President and CEO of O'Reilly Media Inc. generated a list of examples, which identify the changes that resulted from the shift from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0.

Web 1.0

Web 2.0

Double Click

Google Adsense






Britannica Online


evite and EVDB

Personal Websites


Domain Name speculation

Search engine optimisa

Page Views

Cost per click

Screen Scraping

Web Services



Content management systems


Directories (taxonomy)

Tagging (folksonomy)



- The idea of "Web 2.0" can also relate to A Transition Of Some Websites From Isolated Information Silos To Interlinked Computing Platforms that function like locally-available software in the perception of the user.

- Web 2.0 websites typically include some of the following features/techniques:

· Cascading Style Sheets to aid in the separation of presentation and content

· Folksonomies (collaborative tagging, social classification, social indexing, and social tagging)

· Microformats extending pages with additional semantics

· REST and/or XML- and/or JSON-based APIs

· Rich Internet application techniques - Such as AJAX, Adobe Flash, Flex, Java, Silverlight and Curl have evolved that have the potential to improve the user-experience in browser-based applications.

· Semantically valid XHTML and HTML markup

· Syndication, aggregation and notification of data in RSS or Atom feeds

· mashups, merging content from different sources, client- and server-side

· Weblog-publishing tools

· wiki or forum software, etc., to support user-generated content

· Social networking, the linking of user-generated content to users, and users to other users

Web 3.0 - 2010–2020

Web 3.0 is one of the terms used to describe the evolutionary stage of the Web that follows Web 2.0.

Following the introduction of the phrase "Web 2.0" as a description of the recent evolution of the Web, the term "Web 3.0" has been introduced to hypothesize about a future wave of Internet innovation.

- Web 3.0, a phrase coined by John Markoff of the New York Times in 2006, refers to a supposed third generation of Internet-based services.

- Collectively comprise what might be called 'THE INTELLIGENT WEB'— which will involve development using below.

Semantic Web,


Natural Language Search,


Machine Learning,

Recommendation Agents, and

Artificial Intelligence Technologies—which emphasize machine-facilitated understanding of information in order to provide a more productive and intuitive user experience.

- Nova Spivack defines Web 3.0 as the third decade of the Web (2010–2020) during which he suggests several major complementary technology trends will reach new levels of maturity simultaneously including:

· Transformation of the Web from a network of separately siloed applications and content repositories to a more seamless and interoperable whole.

· Ubiquitous connectivity, broadband adoption, mobile Internet access and mobile devices;

· Network computing, software-as-a-service business models, Web services interoperability, distributed computing, grid computing and cloud computing;

· Open technologies, open apis and protocols, open data formats, open-source software platforms and open data (e.g. Creative Commons, Open Data License);

· Open identity, openid, open reputation, roaming portable identity and personal data;

· The intelligent web, Semantic Web technologies such as RDF, OWL, SWRL, SPARQL, GRDDL, semantic application platforms, and statement-based datastores;

· Distributed databases, the "World Wide Database" (enabled by Semantic Web technologies); and

· Intelligent applications, natural language processing.[2], machine learning, machine reasoning, autonomous agents.[3]

Hope this helps.

Thanks & Regards,

Arun Manglick || Senior Tech Lead


  1. Hi, interesting post. We're a young eCommerce startup and are in the phase of building an online shopping-based product.

    I believe you are based out of Pune? In case you are scheduled to visit Mumbai/Hyderabad sometime soon, do let us know - it would be nice to run our ideas through you.

    Incidentally, for a .NET expert, you seem to know a LOT about the latest WebTech!